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KYPRIANOS T20

Manuscript: M64
Sigla:

Naqlun N. 45/95

Text no. question mark icon Position of the text within the manuscript.1
Coptic Scriptorium:
Date: 451 – 500

Text position:

Ro ll. 1-4

Type of text:

Curse (magical, applied)

Original title:
Original title (translated):
Conventional title: Curse against Biktōr

Language:

Egyptian (Coptic)

Dialect:

Sahidic (non-standard)

Script:

Coptic

Image:

Text: Translation:

1. ϯ̣ⲉ̣ⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲓ ⲙⲟ̣ⲟⲕ ⲁⲧⲣⲁⲭ : ⲡⲛⲟϭ ⲛⲁⲕ̣ⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲥⲁⲩⲟⲙ ⁝ ⲙⲡⲣⲏ ⁝ ϯⲉⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲓ ⲙⲟⲕ ⁝ ⲙⲟⲩⲧⲣⲁⲭ ⲡⲛⲟϭ ⲛⲁⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ
2. ⲉⲧⲥⲁⲃⲟⲩⲣ ‧ ⲡⲣⲏ : ϯⲉⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲓ ⲙⲟⲕ ⲥⲉⲙⲉⲱⲛ ⲡⲛⲟϭ ⲛⲁⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ : ⲡⲁⲡⲓϣ⟦.⟧⧸ⲏ⧹ⲧ ⲙⲉ ⲙⲏⲧ ‧ ⲛ⧹ⲉ⧸ⲁⲟⲩⲣⲟⲛ ‧ ⲛⲧⲉⲃϭⲓϫ ⲛⲟⲩⲛⲁⲙ
3. ϩⲛ ϭⲟⲙ ‧ ⲥⲓⲝⲥⲓⲝ ⁝⁝⁝ ⲟⲩⲣⲓϩⲁⲙ : ⲟⲩⲣⲓϩⲙⲣⲱ : ⲟⲩⲣⲓ̅ⲭ̅ ‧ ⲙⲁⲣⲓ̅ⲭ̅ ϯ ⲛⲁⲃ ⲛⲟⲩϣⲓⲡⲉ : ⲙⲉⲛ ⲟⲩⲏ : ⲙⲉⲛ ⲟⲩⲥⲱⲥ
4. ⟦ⲛ̣ⲟⲩ⟧ ⲏϥⲡⲯⲥⲣ ⲡϣ̣ ⲛⲥⲱⲏ

[1] I invoke you, Atrakh, the great angel who is on the right of the sun! I invoke you Moutrakh, the great angel [2] who is on the left ⟨of⟩ the sun! I invoke you Semeōn, the great angel, he of the two hundred and ten whips (?) of his right hand, [3] by (the) power ⟨of⟩ Sixsix, Ouriham, Ourihmrō, Ourikh, Marikh, give him shame and a fall and an overthrow! [4] Biktōr, the son of Sōē.

Tableau:
Tracing by:

Apparatus:

1. ⲉⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲓ i.e. Greek ἐπικαλεῖν (twice) | ⲙⲟ̣ⲟⲕ i.e. Sahidic ⲙ̅ⲙⲟⲕ, first omicron deleted by stroke? | ⲁⲕ̣ⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ i.e. Greek ἄγγελος, kappa deleted by stroke? | ⲥⲁⲩⲟⲙ i.e. Sahidic ⲥⲁⲩⲛⲁⲙ | ⲁⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ i.e. Greek ἄγγελος
2. ⲥⲁⲃⲟⲩⲣ i.e. Sahidic ⲥⲁϩⲃⲟⲩⲣ | ⲡⲣⲏ i.e. Sahidic ⲙ̅-ⲡⲣⲏ | ⲉⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲓ i.e. Greek ἐπικαλεῖν (twice) | ⲥⲉⲙⲉⲱⲛ sigma added later between legs of preceding kappa | ⲁⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ i.e. Greek ἄγγελος | ⲛ⧹ⲉ⧸ⲁⲟⲩⲣⲟⲛ Jacques van der Vliet (private communication 29/11/2019) i.e. Greek νεῦρον : ⲥ̣ⲁⲟⲩⲣⲟⲛ i.e. Greek θησαυρός van der Vliet 2000 | ⲛⲧⲉⲃϭⲓϫ : ⲛⲧⲉϥϭⲓϫ van der Vliet 2000
3. ϩⲛ ϭⲟⲙ ⲥⲓⲝⲥⲓⲝ i.e. Sahidic ϩⲛ ⲧ-ϭⲟⲙ ⲛ-ⲥⲓⲝⲥⲓⲝ | ⲟⲩⲏ i.e. Sahidic ⲟⲩϩⲉ | ⲥⲱⲥ : i.e. Sahidic ϣⲱⲥ van der Vliet 2000, but cf. Crum CD 358a-b s.v. ⲥⲱⲥ
4. [[ⲛ̣ⲟⲩ⟧ deleted by washing | ⲏϥⲡⲯⲥⲣ l. ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ in cipher see Doresse, “Cryptography” in CCE vol. 8, p. 67b | ⲡϣ̣ : ⲡⲏ l. ⲡϣⲏ van der Vliet 2000

Notes:

2. ⲛ⧹ⲉ⧸ⲁⲟⲩⲣⲟⲛ νεῦρον in Greek could be understood as “sinew”, but we suggest the meaning “whip” here based on parallels provided by the DDGLC (thanks to Anne Grons 18/11/2020); cf. CDE s.v. ⲛⲉⲩⲣⲟⲛ.

Bibliography:

van der Vliet, Jacques. “Les Anges du Soleil”. Études Coptes 7 (2000): 319-337.


Editor:

EL’s edition from photograph of the original (1/8/19), edited by KD (7/2/2020); KD (17/3/2020); changes checked by EL (12/6/2020); team (18/11/2020)

How to cite:
Korshi Dosoo, Edward O.D. Love & Markéta Preininger (chief editors). "KYP T20: Curse against Biktōr," Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects, www.coptic-magic.phil.uni-wuerzburg.de/index.php/text/kyp-t-20. Accessed on 18/05/2024

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