KYPRIANOS DATABASE OF ANCIENT RITUAL TEXTS search icon
MANUSCRIPTS
TEXTS
ARCHIVES
HELP


KYPRIANOS T350

Manuscript: M176
Sigla:

PCM 1 1
PCM I 1
P. Kell. Copt. 35
P. Kellis V 35
Excavation no. P88 + P77B + P79 + P92.49

Text no. question mark icon Position of the text within the manuscript.1
Coptic Scriptorium:
Date: 351 – 390

Text position:

Ro ll. 1-22

Type of text:

Separation spell (curse, magical, formulary)

Original title:
Original title (translated):
Conventional title: Separation spell

Language:

Greek
Egyptian (Coptic)

Dialect:

Lycopolitan (L*)

Script:

Coptic
Greek

Image:

Text: Translation:


1. ⧸+⧹ Ἐπικαλοῦμαί σε τὸν̣ ἐπὶ ἀρχῆς
2. ὄντα, τὸν καθήμενον ἐπάνω
3. χερουβὶν καὶ σαρουφὶν ⲡⲉⲧⲁϩⲁⲣⲉⲧϥ
4. ⲁϫ̣ⲛ̅ ⲙ̅ⲙⲓϣⲉ ⲙⲛ̅ ⲛ̅ϯⲧⲱⲛ ⲡⲉⲧⲁϩⲱ-
5. ϫ[ⲡ] ⲛ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲏⲟⲩ ϩⲛ̅ ⲧϥⲛⲁϭ ⲛ̅ⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̅-
6. ⲑ[ⲉ ⲉ]ⲧ̣ⲁⲕⲣ̅ ⲡⲕⲁϩ̣ ⲛ̅ⲕⲏⲙⲉ ⲛ̣ϫⲁⲓ̈ⲉ̣ ⲁⲕⲛⲟⲩ-
7. [ϫⲉ] ⲛ̅ϩⲛϯⲧⲱⲛ ⲁϫⲛ̅ ⲛ̅ⲭⲁⲗⲇⲁⲓⲟⲥ ⲛ̅ⲧⲱ-
8. [ⲧⲛ] ⲡ̣ⲉ ⲉϯⲧⲉⲟⲩⲟ ⲛ̅ⲛⲓⲣⲉⲛ ⲁϫⲱⲧⲛ̅ ⲛ̅ⲧⲟ
9. . . ⲓ̈ⲣⲉ ⲧϫⲡⲟ ⲉⲧⲕⲏⲙ ‧ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲛⲓⲙ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ
10. ⲣⲉ ⲛ̣ⲛⲓⲙ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲡⲟⲩϩⲏⲧ ⲕⲙⲁⲙ ⲙⲛ̅ ⲛⲟⲩ-
11. ⲉⲣⲏ̣ⲟⲩ ‧̇ ⲡϩⲁⲥⲃ̣̅ ⲛ̣̅ⲡⲓⲛⲟ ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲣⲁⲃⲓⲁ ⲛ̅-
12. ⲑⲉ ⲉⲧⲕ̅ⲛⲁⲓ̈ⲱⲉ ⲛ̅ϩⲛⲟ ⲛⲓⲙ ⲁⲃⲁⲗ ⲉⲕⲁ-
13. ⲓ̈ⲱⲉ ⲙ̅ⲡⲟⲩⲱϣⲉ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲧⲱⲟⲩ ϣⲁ ⲛⲟⲩ-
14. ⲉⲣⲏⲟⲩ ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲕ ⲇⲉ ⲡϫⲱϥ ⲙ̅ⲡϣⲗⲧⲉⲙ
15. ⲉⲕⲁϯ ⲡϫⲱϥ ⲙⲛ̅ ⲡⲣⲱⲕ̣ϩ ⲁⲡⲟⲩϩⲏⲧ
16. ϣⲁ ⲛⲟⲩⲉⲣⲏⲟⲩ ⲡⲏⲓ̈ ⲉϯⲛⲁⲕⲁⲕ ⲛ̅ϩⲏ-
17. ⲧϥ̅ ⲙ̅ⲡⲣ̅ⲉⲓ ⲁⲃⲁⲗ ⲛ̅ϩⲏⲧϥ ⲉⲙⲡⲕ̅-
18. ⲧⲟ̣ⲩ̣ⲛⲟⲩⲥ ⲛ̅ⲟⲩⲙⲓϣⲉ ⲙⲛ̅ ⲟⲩϯ-
19. ⲧⲱⲛ ⲙⲛ̅ ⲟⲩϭⲉⲣⲁⲩⲛⲟⲥ ⲙⲛ̅ ⲇ
20. ἣ̣ν̣ ⲇͅ ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲥ ⲇͅ ὃν ⲇͅ ⲉⲕⲁ̣ⲧⲉⲟⲩ-
21. ⲟ ⲛⲓϣⲉϫⲉ ⲁϫⲙ̣ ⲙ̣ⲁ̣ⲩ
22. ⲁϥϫⲱⲕ

[1] I invoke you (s.), who are sovereign, [2] who sits over [3] cherubim and seraphim, He who stands [4] over the conflicts and the strifes, He who shut up [5] the winds through his great authority, [6] just as you (s.) made the land of Egypt desert, and you (s.) cast [7] strifes upon the Chaldaeans, it is you (pl.) [8] upon whom I pronounce these names, they (?) [9] … are (?) the black generation (?), may NN son [10] of NN, may their heart become black with one [11] another! O … natron of Arabia (?), [12] just as you will wash away all things, you will [13] wash ⟨away⟩ their desire that they have for one [14] another! And you (s.), O scorching of the mustard, [15] you will put scorching and burning in their hearts [16] towards one another! The house in which I shall place you, [17] do not leave it before you have [18] awoken a conflict and a [19] strife and a thundering with NN [20] daughter of NN, she ⟨and⟩ NN, son of NN!”

You pronounce [21] these words over water.

[22] It is finished.

Tableau:
Tracing by:

Apparatus:

2. ὄντα : ο ντα Pap : ⧹ϯ⧸ ὄντα Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock
3. ⲡⲉⲧⲁϩⲁⲣⲉⲧϥ : ⲡⲉⲧⲁϩ<ⲉ> ⲁⲣⲉⲧϥ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock
4-5. ⲡⲉⲧⲁϩⲱ|ϫ[ⲡ] i.e. ⲡⲉⲛⲧⲁϥϩⲱϫⲡ : ⲡⲉⲧⲁϩⲱ|ϫ[ⲛ] Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock, Gardner/Alcock/Funk
5. ⲧϥⲛⲁϭ i.e. Sahidic ⲧⲉϥⲛⲟϭ | ⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ i.e. Greek ἐξουσία
6. ⲛ̣ϫⲁⲓ̈ⲉ̣ : ⲛ̣ϫⲁⲓ̈ⲥ̣ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock
7. ⲭⲁⲗⲇⲁⲓⲟⲥ i.e. Greek Χαλδαῖος
9-10. ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ | ⲣⲉ ⲛ̣ⲛⲓⲙ As Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock and Gardner/Alcock/Funk note, something has probably dropped out here; we would expect something like ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲛⲓⲙ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲓⲙ ⲧϣⲉⲉⲣⲉ ⲛⲛⲓⲙ.
10. ⲣⲉ ⲛ̣ⲛⲓⲙ : [ⲣⲉ ⲛ]ⲛⲓⲙ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock
11. ⲛ̣̅ⲡⲓⲛⲟ : i.e. Sahidic ⲙ̅-ⲡⲉⲓ-ⲛⲁⲩ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock and Shisha-Halevy : i.e. Greek πίνος, πίνη, πιναρός, πινάριον, or πίνινος (λίθος) Gardner/Alcock/Funk
13. ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲧⲱⲟⲩ : ⲉⲧⲟ̣ⲩ̣ⲧⲱⲟⲩ or ⲉⲧⲁ̣ⲣ̣ⲧⲱⲟⲩ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock
14. ⲇⲉ i.e. Greek δέ | ϣⲗⲧⲉⲙ i.e Sahidic ϣⲗϭⲟⲙ
17. ⲙ̅ⲡⲣ̅ⲉⲓ apparently corrected from ⲙ̅ⲡϥ̣̅ⲉⲓ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock | ⲙⲡⲕ̅ i.e. Sahidic ⲙ̅ⲡⲁⲧⲉⲕ
19. ⲇͅ l. δ(ε)ῖ(να) cf. van der Vliet : ⲇ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock, Gardner/Alcock/Funk
20. ἣ̣ν̣ ⲇͅ ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲥ ⲇͅ ὃν ⲇͅ l. ἣν (ἔτεκεν ἡ) δ(ε)ῖ(να) ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲥ δ(ε)ῖ(να) ὃν (ἔτεκεν ἡ) δ(ε)ῖ(να) cf. van der Vliet : ⲕⲉ ⲇ ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲥ ⲇ ⲟ̣ⲛ ⲇ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock, Gardner/Alcock/Funk
21. ⲁϫⲙ̣ ⲙ̣ⲁ̣ⲩ corrected from ⲁϫⲱ̣ ⲙ̣ⲁ̣ⲩ, for ⲁ̣ cf. final ⲁ l. 20 : ⲁϫ[[ⲱ]]ⲙⲟⲩ Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock : ⲁϫⲉⲱⲟⲩ corrected from ⲁϫ . . ⲟⲩ Gardner/Alcock/Funk

Notes:

1. ἐπὶ ἀρχῆς For this sense see LSJ s.v. ἐπί sense I.2, cf. s.v. ἀρχή II. Gardner/Alcock/Funk translate “from the beginning”.
5. ⲡⲉⲧⲁϩⲱϫ[ⲡ] ⲛ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲏⲟⲩ ϩⲛ̅ ⲧϥⲛⲁϭ ⲛ̅ⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ: Perhaps cf. Mark 4:39-41 Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock
6. [ⲉ]ⲧ̣ⲁⲕⲣ̅ ⲡⲕⲁϩ̣ ⲛ̅ⲕⲏⲙⲉ ⲛ̣ϫⲁⲓ̈ⲉ cf. Ezekiel 29.9-10.
6-10. ⲁⲕⲛⲟⲩ[ϫⲉ] ⲛ̅ϩⲛϯⲧⲱⲛ ⲁϫⲛ̅ ⲛ̅ⲭⲁⲗⲇⲁⲓⲟⲥ cf. perhaps Jeremiah 50.1-46 (LXX Jeremiah 27.1-46) : cf. Jeremiah 37.5 Mirecki/Gardner/Alcock
21. ⲁϫⲙ̣ ⲙ̣ⲁ̣ⲩ For the omission of the expected indefinite article ⲟⲩ cf. the comments of Shisha-Halevy 306 et passim.

Bibliography:

Mirecki, Paul, Iain Gardner, and Anthony Alcock. “Magical Spell, Manichaean Letter.” In Emerging from Darkness: Studies in the Recovery of Manichaean Sources, edited by Paul Mirecki and Jason Beduhn. Leiden: Brill, 1997, p. 1-32.

Gardner, Iain, Anthony Alcock, and Wolf-Peter Funk. Coptic Documentary Texts from Kellis: Vol.1 (P.Kell. V). Oxford: Oxbow Books, 1999, p. 224-228.

Shisha-Halevy, Ariel. “An Emerging New Dialect of Coptic.” Orientalia 71.3 (2002): 305.

van der Vliet, Jacques. “Christian Spells and Manuals from Egypt.” In Guide to the Study of Ancient Magic, edited by David Frankfurter. Leiden : Brill, 2019, p. 332-334.


Editor:

EL (21/3/2019); text checked and new translation (KD 21/4/2020); KD (23/4/2020); checked by EL, with updates to apparatus (8/9/2020), edits by KD and MPS (22/9/2020); minor edits KD (30/10/2020)

How to cite:
Korshi Dosoo, Edward O.D. Love & Markéta Preininger (chief editors). "KYP T350: Separation spell," Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects, www.coptic-magic.phil.uni-wuerzburg.de/index.php/text/kyp-t-350. Accessed on 21/05/2024

Found a mistake? Let us know!