Sigla: question mark icon Modern names for the manuscript, including inventory and publication numbers.

PCM 1 25
PCM I 25
P. Heid. Inv. Kopt. 685
Pap. Heid. N.F. IX
Pap. Heid. 9
Pap. Heid. IX

Category: question mark icon Classification of the contents, e.g. magical (formulary or applied), alchemical, liturgical, documentary or medical.

Magical (formulary)


Original Use (lectionary):

1. Bifolio 1 hair (pp. 1 + 20): Hebrews 5.3–6; 2 Timothy 2.3–13
2. Bifolio 1 flesh (pp. 19 + 2): 2 Timothy 2.13–15; Philippians 4.1–9
3. Bifolio 2 hair (pp. 18 + 3): Hebrews 9.7–10; Hebrews 2.11b–[17]
4. Bifolio 2 flesh (pp. 17 + 4): Hebrews 2.17–18; Hebrews 12.1–6
5. Bifolio 3 flesh (pp. 16 + 5): 2 Corinthians 5.17–6.4; Hebrews 6.9
6. Bifolio 3 hair (pp. 15 + 6): Hebrews 6.9–20
7. Bifolio 4 hair (pp. 14 + 7): Hebrews 11.32–40; Titus 2.11–12
8. Bifolio 4 flesh (pp. 13 + 8): Titus 2.12–3.7
9. Bifolio 5 flesh (pp. 12 + 9): Hebrews 1.13–2.8
10. Bifolio 5 hair (pp. 11 + 10): Hebrews 2.8–11; Hebrews 4.14–5.3

Re-use (palimpsest):

11. p. 2 l.1-p. 9 l. 23: “Prayer of Mary in Bartos” for healing, protection, exorcism.
12. p. 9 ll. 13-24: Exorcism of power.
13. p. 10 ll. 1-18: Creation of protective amulet calling upon Nassklnē, a spirit who protects King Solomon.
14. p. 10 ll. 19-27: Invocation of Sator names for help and protection.
15. p. 11 ll. 1-11: For the “release” of blood (healing?).
16. p. 12 l. 1 p. 16 l. 15: Adjuration of nine angelic guardians for protection.
17. p. 16 ll. 16-27: To heal flow of blood.
18. p. 17 ll. 1-29: Gathering spell for good business.
19. p. 18 ll. 1-14: Invocation to heal fever.

See all texts in this manuscript.


Egyptian (Coptic)




Sahidic with Fayumic features

Language/dialect notes:

See Dosoo/Preininger 2023: p. 261-262.

Date: question mark icon Dates are CE unless preceded by a minus sign <->, in which case they are BCE. 951 – 1000
Date notes:

Written in same hand as P. Heid. Inv. Kopt. 682 (M291), dated by its colophon to 967 CE (cf. Dosoo/Preininger 2023: p. 259-260, 324). 901-1000 (Mößner and Nauerth 2015: p. 311); 801-900 (TM 129732 25/9/2018); 951-1000 (TM 102074 25/9/2018). Palimspest written on older lectionary (801-900 CE (?)).

Archive/collection: question mark icon Larger collection to which manuscript belongs. KYP A8
Archive name: Heidelberg Library
State of edition:







Dimensions (cm): Height: 17.3 Width: 11.7 Depth:
Dimensions (notes):

22.2-23.4 (W) x 17.2-17.3 (H) (Quecke 1972: p. 5-6); 12 (H) x 21.5 cm (W) (Mößner and Nauerth 2015: p. 311). Based on measurements from photographs, Quecke’s dimensions seem correct, although he is giving the size of the whole sheet and reversing the dimensions, since he is interested in the original use (KD 28/5/2020).

Folding pattern:
State of preservation:


Pages/Columns: question mark icon Total surviving columns in the manuscript for rolls, sheets and rotuli; total number of pages for codices.


Pages/Columns (notes):

Magical re-use: 5 bifolios, written on pages 2-18; 17 inscribed pages.
Original use (lectionary): 10 pages, all written.


Deacon Iohannes


Arsinoites (Fayum), Egypt (?)

(TM places ID: 332)
Place of purchase:

Cairo, Egypt

(TM places ID: 2740)

Arsinoites (Fayum), Egypt (?)

(TM places ID: 332)
Present Location:

Heidelberg, Institut für Papyrologie

Collection History:

Purchased from Maurice Nahman in Cairo in 1933 (Gardner and Johnston 2019: p. 32).

Trismegistos collection: question mark icon Page on the database Trismegistos collections for the institution which currently houses the manuscript. 156
Collection website:



★ Dosoo, Korshi, and Markéta Preininger. Papyri Copticae Magicae. Coptic Magical Texts, Volume 1: Formularies (PCM I 1), Archiv für Papyrusforschung und verwandte Gebiete – Beihefte 48. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2023, p. 287-323, no. 25.

Gardner, Iain. “An Archive of Coptic Handbooks and Exemplars for the Making of Amulets and the Enacting of Ritual Power from the Tenth Century (P. Heid. Inv. Kopt. 680–683 and 685–686).” In Drawing Spirit: The Role of Images and Design in the Magical Practice of Late Antiquity, edited by Jay Johnston and Iain Gardner. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2023, 105-123.

Meyer, Marvin W. The Magical Book of Mary and the Angels. (P. Heid. Inv. Kopt. 685): Text, Translation and Commentary. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter, 1996.


Kropp, Angelicus. Oratio Mariae ad Bartos: Ein koptischer Gebetstext aus den Giessener Papyrus-Sammlungen. Giessen: Universitätsbibliothek, 1965, p. 20-21, no. d.


Bélanger Sarrazin, Roxanne. “’Just as You Quenched the Fiery Furnace of Nebuchadnezzar, Also Quench Every Fever.’ The Three Holy Children in Coptic Magic.” Vigiliae Christianae 78 (2024): 58-86, esp. p. 62 (referring to p. 18, ll. 1-11).

Bélanger Sarrazin, Roxanne. “Les appels au « Jésus guérisseur » dans les formules iatromagiques coptes”, in Études coptes XVI. Dix-huintième journée dàétudes (Bruxelles, 22-24 juin 2017) (Cahiers de la bibiothèque copte 23), edited by Anne Boud’hors, Esther Garel, Catherine Louis and Naïm Vanthieghem. Paris: Éditions de Boccard, 2020, p. 188-190.

Burns, Dylan M. “Magical, Coptic, Christian: The Great Angel Eleleth and the ‘Four Luminaries’ in Egyptian Literature of the First Millenium CE.” In The Nag Hammadi Codices and Late Antique Egypt, edited by Hugo Lundhaug and Lance Jenott. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018, 153-254.

Gardner, Iain. “The Heidelberg Magical Archive: A Discussion of its Origins, Context and Purpose.” In Drawing Spirit: The Role of Images and Design in the Magical Practice of Late Antiquity, edited by Jay Johnston and Iain Gardner. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2023, 45-71.

Gardner, Iain, and Jay Johnston. “‘I, Deacon Iohannes, Servant Of Michael’: A New Look at P. Heid. Inv. Kopt. 682 and a Possible Context for the Heidelberg Magical Archive.” Journal of Coptic Studies 21 (2019): p. 31-32.

Johnston, Jay, and Gardner, Iain. “Relations of Image, Text and Design Elements in Selected Amulets and Spells of the Heidelberg Papyri Collection.” In Bild und Schrift auf ‘magischen’ Artefakten, edited by edited by Sarah Kiyanrad, Christoffer Theis and Laura Willer. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018, 139-148.

Love, Edward O. D. ““Crum’s Chicken”: Alpak, Demonised Donkeys, and Avianised Demons among the Figures of Demotic, Greek, and Coptic Magical Texts”, in Magikon Zōon: Animal and Magic, edited by Korshi Dosoo and Jean-Charles Coulon (forthcoming).

Meyer, Martin. “The Persistence of Ritual in the Magical Book of Mary and the Angels: P. Heid. Inv. Kopt. 685”. In Practicing Gnosis: Ritual, Magic, Theurgy and Liturgy in Nag Hammadi, Manichaean and Other Ancient Literature. Essays in Honor of Birger A. Pearson, edited by April D. DeConick, Gregory Shaw, and John D. Turner. Leiden: Brill, 2011, 359-376.

Meyer, Martin. “The Prayer of Mary in the Magical Book of Mary and the Angels”. In Prayer, Magic, and the Stars in the Ancient and Late Antique World, edited by Scott Noegel, Joel Walker, and Brannon Wheeler. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2003, 57-67.

Mößner, Tamara and Claudia Nauerth. “Koptische Text und ihre Bilder.” In Ägyptische Magie und ihre Umwelt, edited by Andrea Jördens. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2015, p. 311; p. 338-348.

Piwowarczyk, Przemysław. “Sethians and Their Texts in Christian Egypt in the 4th and 5th Centuries.” Studi e Materiali di Storia delle Religioni 86 (2020): p. 110-112.

Quecke, Hans. “Palimpsestfragmente eines Koptischen Lektionars.” Le Muséon 85 (1972): 5-24.

Untermann, Matthias (editor). Ägyptische Magie im Wandel der Zeiten: eine Ausstellung des Instituts für Papyrologie in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Institut für Ägyptologie der Universität Heidelberg. Heidelberg: Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg, 2011, p. 44-47.

Trismegistos ID:


PAThs: 1488
PGM: question mark icon Papyri Gracae Magicae SM: question mark icon Supplementum Magicum GEMF: question mark icon Greek and Egyptian Magical Formularies (forthcoming) ACM: question mark icon Ancient Christian Magic
Bélanger Sarrazin: question mark icon Bélanger-Sarrazin. “Catalogue des textes magiques coptes”


AKZ: question mark icon Ausgewählte koptische Zaubertexte CBd: question mark icon Campbell-Bonner Magical Gems Database Mert.-Pack: question mark icon Mertens-Pack online database
Van H: question mark icon van Haelst, Catalogue des papyrus littéraires Bruyn-Dijkstra: question mark icon de Bruyn and Dijkstra, “Greek Amulets and Formularies (Checklist)" TheDefix: question mark icon Thesaurus Defixionum To Zodion:
Edit History:

EL (25/9/2018); MPS (27/9/2019); KD (13/9/2019); KD (2/10/2019); MPS (7/9//2020); KD (17/11/2020); KD (17/12/2021); JS (15/05/22); MPS (3/11/2022); KD (1/2/2023); MPS (18/7/2023); KD (20/11/2023); KD (17/1/2024)

How to cite:
Korshi Dosoo, Edward O.D. Love & Markéta Preininger (chief editors). "KYP M186," Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects, Accessed on 21/05/2024

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