We’ve just posted our latest update to the Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects.
The update includes:
- 36 new manuscript entries, bringing the total to 1059.
- These contain new Greek, Coptic, Demotic, and Aramaic manuscripts from Egypt and elsewhere dating to the first millennium CE. We are particularly grateful to Anne Sieberichs, who is currently responsible for entering manuscripts from a checklist of Aramaic incantation bowls prepared by Ortal-Paz Saar. We have also made several important corrections to previously uploaded entries.
- 28 new text entries, bringing the total to 206. These include:
- Two texts from P. Heid. Inv. Copt. 685 (M186), including the longest Coptic version of the famous Prayer of Mary ‘in Bartos’ and a short amuletic prayer containing the Sator formular; this text is particularly interesting because our re-reading has revealed that these are described in the text as the names of the nails with which Jesus was crucified.
- The recto of P. Heid. Inv. Kopt. 678, which contains a curse in the form of a strange narrative charm in which Jesus encounters a sleeping worm, and commands him to go and attack the curse’s intended victim. This text also contains a reference to the Sator formula as the names of the nails of Jesus.
- Berlin P. 22191, a curse calling upon God and his subordinate powers to avenge its writer; our re-reading has revealed a reference to Michael striking down the Emperor Diocletian among the many Biblical precedents evoked in the text.
- 14 texts from Leiden F 1964/4.14 (M21), a fascinating but little-known Coptic magical formulary
- 2 new archive entries. The new entries are both dossiers consisting of Aramaic incantation bowls which can be associated with one another because they mention the same figures – one group was created for Aban, Son of Daday, and the other for Aban Gušmis.
- 5 new image tracings, bringing the total to 48.